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Chinese 35th BC Hongshan Culture Red Pottery Terracotta Figure of Standing Pregnant Woman






Origin :   China

Period & Style : Hongshan Culture ( 4,700 BC to 2,900 BC )

Material :  Red pottery, terracotta  

Size & Weight : H. 9.6 in. ( 24.5 cm )

Condition :   No visible repairs, tiny chips on the edge. 



The Hongshan culture was a Neolithic culture in northeastern China. Hongshan sites have been found in an area stretching from Inner Mongolia to Liaoning and Hebei, and dated  from about 4700 BC to 2900 BC. The culture is named after Hongshanhou, a site in Hongshan District, Chifeng. Hongshanhou was discovered by Torii Ryuzo in 1908 and extensively excavated in 1935 by Hamada Kosaku and Mizuno Seiichi

Hongshan grave goods include some of the earliest known examples of Chinese jade working; the Hongshan culture is known for its jade pig dragons. Clay figurines, including figurines of pregnant women, are also found throughout Hongshan sites. The  archaeological site at Niuheliang is an unique ritual complex associated with the Hongshan culture.

The Hongshan culture had cultural contacts with the Yangshao culture, with two-way cultural transmissions. Niuheliang is a Neolithic archaeological site in Liaoning, China, named after the Miangniu river.  Niuheliang is an exemplary site of the Hongshan culture. 

Niuheliang features a unique temple, altar and cairn complex. The altar at Niuheliang was  made of stone platforms, supported by clay cylinders. The ritual complex is underground  and decorated with painted walls, referred to by Chinese archaeologists as the Goddess Temple, due to the discovery of a clay female head with jade inlaid eyes. Pig dragons and  large, nude, clay figurines are also found at Niuheliang; some of the figurines are up to three times the size of real-life humans.


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